Dinamika Hubungan Antarumat Beragama: Studi tentang Pola Interaksi Sosial Muslim dan Hindu di Bali

Achmad Muchaddam Fahham

Abstract

In 2015, in terms of religious harmony in Indonesia, Bali Province was ranked second. The province of Bali received a score of 81.6 percent and was under the province of NTT which obtained a value of 83.3 percent. The acquisition of the harmony index shows that generally, the relationship between religious believers in Bali is harmonious. Nevertheless, this does not mean that Bali is protected from the problems of relations between religious believers. This study aims to explain the pattern of relations between Islamic and Hindu communities in Bali. This study uses a qualitative approach, the data is collected through literature studies and interviews with several informants who are selected purposively. The findings obtained show that the pattern of relations between Muslim and Hindu followers is not single, but diverse. There are associative patterns and there are also patterns of disassociative relationships. Associative relationships are divided into three, namely cooperation, accommodating, and tolerance, while associative relationships are divided into two, namely competitive and conflict. Factors that encourage the birth of associative relationships are historical factors, economic interests, and integration factors. On the other side, the determinants of the birth of a disassociative relationship are factors of economic jealousy, lack of understanding of the teachings of Islam, communication and the strong customs implemented in Bali Keywords: cooperation, accommodation, competition, conflict, associative, and disassociative.

 

Keywords

cooperation, accommodation, competition; conflict; associative; disassociative.

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References

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22212/aspirasi.v9i1.1148

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