The Spillover Effects from Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on Labor Productivity: Evidence from Indonesian Manufacturing Sector

Riesta Karentina

Abstract


Despite growing concern regarding the productivity benefits of foreign direct investment (FDI), few studies have been conducted on the impact of FDI spillovers on domestic firms’ labor productivity in Indonesia. This study aims to do three things. First, it examines the effect of FDI spillovers on domestic firms’ productivity. Second, it investigates the short-term and long-term effects of FDI spillovers on domestic firms’ productivity. Third, it explores the impact of FDI spillovers on domestic firms’ productivity in different groups of industries based on their factor intensity. Micro-level panel data covering about 20,000 medium and large manufacturing establishments in each year over the period 2010 and 2014 was employed. This study suggests that, within the same industry, horizontal spillovers are associated with domestic firms’ productivity: this relationship is negative in the short-term but positive in the long-term. This study’s findings also demonstrate that, across industries, there are negative backward spillover effects on domestic firms’ productivity. In addition, this study points out that FDI spillovers affect domestic firms’ productivity effectively when they are capital-intensive. Therefore, the results imply the importance of maintaining a long-term perspective toward foreign-invested firms in Indonesia and the government needs to stimulate policies that can enhance domestic firms’ capacity to supply intermediate materials and capital to foreign firm in downstream market by truncating the technology gap between foreign and domestic firms.

Keywords


FDI spillovers; horizontal spillover; backward spillover; labor productivity

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22212/jekp.v10i1.1158

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