DAMPAK OWN PRODUCED CONSUMPTION TERHADAP KONSUMSI PANGAN RUMAH TANGGA PERDESAAN DI INDONESIA

Ajeng Tri Wardhani

Abstract


This studies use an additional variable of self-produced food consumption to the Linearly Approximated Almost Ideal Demand System (LA/AIDS) to test for the own produced consumption behavior in Indonesian rural households. This essay also proposes a test which permits heterogeneity across households, by dividing households into low, middle and high income. From the 2008 and 2011 household budget survey data (SUSENAS core and consumption module) this study finds that self-produced food consumption variable proved to be significant in all food groups. It means that own produced consumption behavior is the rural households’ strategy to make sure that their food security is guaranteed. In 2011, the lower the households’ income, the own produced consumption behavior on tubers is getting higher. While the higher the households’ income, the own produced consumption behavior on fishery, eggs and dairy products is getting higher.

Penelitian ini mempelajari apakah own produced consumption menjadi strategi rumah tangga perdesaan dalam memenuhi kebutuhan pangan keluarganya. Dalam hal ini peneliti menambahkan variabel konsumsi bahan pangan yang diproduksi sendiri ke dalam sistem permintaan Linearly Approximated Almost Ideal Demand System (LA/AIDS). Dari data Susenas tahun 2008 dan 2011, variabel konsumsi yang berasal dari produksi sendiri terbukti mempengaruhi share konsumsi rumah tangga di semua kelompok komoditi, artinya rumah tangga di perdesaan masih bergantung pada own produced consumption dalam memenuhi kebutuhan pangan keluarganya. Pada tahun 2011, semakin rendah pendapatan rumah tangga, maka own produced consumption untuk kelompok umbi-umbian menjadi semakin tinggi. Semakin tinggi pendapatan rumah tangga, maka own produced consumption untuk kelompok ikan / udang / cumi / kerang, telur dan susu menjadi semakin tinggi


Keywords


Own Produced Consumption, Linearly Approximated Almost Ideal Demand System; Rural Households

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22212/jekp.v8i1.611

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