TEROBOSAN GLOBAL ENERGI TERBARUKAN: PEMBELAJARAN DAN IMPLIKASINYA BAGI INDONESIA (GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY BREAKTHROUGH: LESSON LEARNED AND ITS IMPLICATION TO INDONESIA)

Hariyadi Hariyadi
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Abstract

A global effort and national political-will supports towards a revolutionary renewable energy development will be a significant instrument to mitigate the climate change in the future. To achieve this goal, a global governance order shall be undertaken more democratically, participatory and inclusively. A critical review towards Sivaram & Norris’ article (2016), namely “The Clean Energy Revolution: Fighting Climate Change With Innovation”, argues such an important effort as global energy consumption is rising significantly while the climate mitigation target is likely difficult to achieve although all the Paris Agreement is met. As a country with a strong commitment to develop renewable energy and to commit politically to take part in the global mitigation efforts, Indonesia is likely concerned with this discourse. The challenge remains high particularly in term of the polical will. The likely changing of the US new administration policy may affect the legitimacy of this discourse in the domestic sphere, a situation that may affect its legitimacy globally.

 

Abstrak

Upaya global dan dukungan kemauan politik nasional untuk revolusi energi terbarukan menjadi kebutuhan yang semakin signifikan di masa depan sebagai instrumen mitigasi iklim. Untuk mencapai tujuan ini, tata kelola global harus dibuat lebih demokratis, partisipatoris dan inklusif secara polisentris. Ulasan kritis terhadap tulisan “The Clean Energy Revolution: Fighting Climate Change With Innovation”, karya Sivaram & Norris (2016), menunjukkan bahwa upaya ini layak dilakukan seiring dengan tingginya tingkat konsumsi energi dunia, sementara target mitigasi iklim akan sulit tercapai, sekalipun target-target The Paris Agreement dilaksanakan. Sebagai negara dengan komitmen besar dalam pengembangan energi terbarukan dan berperan dalam mitigasi iklim, Indonesia berkepentingan terhadap diskursus upaya ini. Tantangannya terletak pada harus adanya kemauan politik pemerintah. Perubahan kebijakan pemerintahan baru di AS, bagaimana pun akan mewarnai derajat legitimasi upaya ini di dalam negeri AS itu sendiri. Kondisi ini juga akan mempengaruhi tingkat legitimasinya secara nasional dan global dari upaya revolusioner ini.

Keywords

renewable energy; climate mitigation; Indonesia; global governance; global breakthrough; energi terbarukan; mitigasi iklim; tata kelola global; terobosan global

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