CLASSIFICATION OF REGENCIES/MUNICIPALITIES IN CENTRAL JAVA BASED ON THE TOURISM RESOURCES

Edmira Rivani
| Abstract views: 60 | views: 10

Abstract

Tourism is a sector that gets significant attention because it can restore the economy quickly, especially the economy of the local community. Tourism diversity can support the economy of Indonesia. Central Java is one of the provinces that has tourism diversity. Tourism conditions in Central Java are not homogeneous; that will be difficult to monitor and make plans of tourism in that area. Grouping of regencies and municipalities in Central Java based on the similarity of the characteristics of tourism conditions, so the process of monitoring and planning will be done by regency and municipality groups were formed. The grouping of regencies/ municipalities in Central Java used the K-Means cluster method. In this Research, data of numbers of the tourist attraction; tourist village; national tourists; foreign tourists; human resources; star hotel; non-star hotel; and income of tourism was used to determine the group of tourism areas in Central Java. The result of this research shows that there were three (3) clusters of tourism areas in the Province of Central Java, i.e., low competitiveness, middle competitiveness, and high competitiveness tourism areas. In conclusion, there are many regencies or municipalities that have the potential for the government to develop the tourism sector adapted to the group of tourism areas that has an advantage or potential for development.

Keywords

cluster analysis; K-means cluster; tourism; Central Java

Full Text:

PDF

References

Books

Han, J and M. Kamber. (2000). Data Mining: Concepts and Techniques. Massachusetts: Morgan Kaufmann Publisher.

Hair, J. F., JR., Anderson, R. E., Tatham, R. L., & Black, W. C. (1998). Multivariate Data Analysis, fifth edition. USA: Prentice-Hall Inc.

Widarjono, A. (2007). Ekonometrika Teori dan Aplikasi untuk Ekonomi dan Bisnis. Yogyakarta: Ekonisia FE UII. Central Java Provincial Youth, Sports and Tourism

Service. (2017). Statistik Pariwisata Jawa Tengah Tahun 2016.

Dillon, W.R, and Goldstein, M. (1984). Multivariate Analysis Methods and Aplication. Canada: Jogn Willey and Sons.

Peter, L. and Olsen, J. L. (1987). Consumer Behaviour: Marketing Strategy Perspectives. Burr Ridge IL: Irwain.

Timothy , D. J. (2011). Cultural Heritage and Tourism: An Introduction. Toronto: Channel View Publications. Scientific Journals and Working Paper

Rivani, Edmira. (2010). Aplikasi K-Means Cluster untuk Pengelompokkan Provinsi Berdasarkan Produksi Padi, Jagung, Kedelai, dan Kacang Hijau tahun 2009. Jurnal Mat Stat, Vol. 10 No. 2, Juli 2010, 122-134.

Libao Z, Faming L, An L, Pingping G, Cong L. (2016). Application of K-Means Clustering Algorithm for Classification of NBA Guards. International Journal of Science and Engineering Applications, Vol. 5, Issue 1, 2016.

Anastasopoulos, P. (1989). The U.S. travel account: The impact of fluctuations of the U.S. dollar. Hospitality Education and Research Journal, 13, 469-481.

Cadotte, E.R. & Turgeon, N. (1988). Satisfiers and Dissatisfiers: Suggestions from Consumer Complaints and Compliments. Journal of

Consumer Satisfaction, Dissatisfaction and Complaining Behavior, 1, 74-79.

Kozak, M. & Rimmington, M. (2000) Tourist Satisfaction with Mallorca, Spain, as an OffSeason Holiday Destination, Journal of Travel Research, 38, 260-269.

Kim, K J. & Alin A, H. (2008). Recommended System Using GA K-Means Clustering in an Online Shopping Market “, Expert System with Application, Vol. 34, PP.1200-1290, 2008.

Handoyo R, Rumani R, Nasution SM. (2014). Perbandingan Metode Clustering Menggunakan Metode Single Linkage dan K-Means pada

Pengelompokan Dokumen. JSM STMIK Mikroskil, Vol 15, No. 2, Oktober 2014.

Chen, C. M., Chen, S. H. & Lee, H. T. (2011). The destination competitiveness of Kinmen‘s tourism industry: exploring the

interrelationships between tourist perceptions, service performance, customer satisfaction and sustainable tourism. Journal of Sustainable

Tourism, 19, 247-264.

Gartner, W. C. (1994). Image formation process. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 2, 191- 216.

Crouch, G. I. & Ritchie, J. R. B. (1999). Tourism, Competitiveness and Societal Prosperity. Journal of Business Research, 44, 137-152.

Cai, L. A. (2002). Cooperative Branding for Rural Destinations. Annals of Tourism Research, 29, 720-742.

Chi, C. G. Q. & Qu, H. (2008). Examining the Structural Relationships of Destination Image, Tourist Satisfaction and Destination Loyalty: An

Integrated Approach. Tourism Management, 29, 624-636.

Cracolici, M. F., Nijkamp, P. & Rietveld, P. (2008). Assessment of Tourism Competitiveness by Analysing Destination Efficiency. Tourism

Economics, 14, 325-342.

Dwyer, L. & Kim, C. (2003). Destination Competitiveness: Determinants and Indicators. Current Issues in Tourism, 6, 369-414.

Gartner, W. C. (1986). Temporal Influences on Image Change. Annals of Tourism Research, 13, 635-644.

Gomezelj, D. O. & Mihalic, T. (2008). Destination competitiveness-- Applying Different Models, The Case of Slovenia. Tourism Management, 29, 294-307.

Hudson, S., Ritchie, B. & Timur, S. (2004). Measuring Destination Competitiveness: An Empirical Study of Canadian Ski Resorts. Tourism and Hospitality Planning & Development, 1, 79-94.

Kang, S. K. & Hsu, C. H. (2005). Dyadic Consensus on Family Vacation Destination Selection. Tourism Management, 26, 571-582.

Konecnik, M. & Gartner, W. C. (2007). CustomerBased Brand Equity for a Destination. Annals of Tourism Research, 34, 400-421.

Kozak, M., Baloglu, S. & Bahar, O. (2010). Measuring Destination Competitiveness: Multiple Destinations Versus Multiple Nationalities.

Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management, 19, 56-71.

Murphy, L., Moscardo, G. & Benckendorff, P. (2007). Using Brand Personality to Differentiate Regional Tourism Destinations. Journal of Travel Research, 46, 5-14.

Ritchie, J. R. B & Crouch, G. I. (2000). The Competitive Destination, a Sustainable Perspective. Tourism Management, 21, 1-7.

Yoon, Y & Uysal, M. (2005). An Examination of The Effects of Motivation and Satisfaction on Destination Loyalty: a Structural Model. Tourism Management, 26, 45-56.

Yuksel, A. (2007). Tourist Shopping Habitat: Effects on Emotions, Shopping Value and Behaviours. Tourism Management, 28, 58-69.

Proceedings and Focus Group Discussion

Y, Miyazaki., & K, Kurasige. (2010). Use of Reward Independent Knowledge on Reinforcement Learning for Dynamic Environment, Paper was Presented in ICACSIS 2010 Faculty of Computer Science Universitas Indonesia, Depok.

J. Santoso, G.O, Van Albada, B. Nazief, P.M.A. Sloot. (2010). Hierarchical Job Scheduling for Cluster of Workstation, Published Conference Proceeding Style in Proc the 6th ASCI, Delft Netherland,.

M.E, Celebi., HA, Kingraul., & P.A, Vela. (2013). Comparative Study of Efficient Intralization Methods for the K-Means Clustering Algorithm,

Expert System with Application.

Copyright (c) 2020 Kajian
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.