KESETARAAN GENDER DAN PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI DI INDONESIA

Samsul Arifin
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Abstract

In line MDGs, the increas of economic growth to bring down poverty must be able to encourage the improvement of gender equality. In this context, the achievement of gender equality means to eliminate the gap of development between men and women in real fields also important, the high degree of gender equality will encourage economic growth, productivity and efficiency of the overall development. In fact, the condition of gender discrimination in Indonesia is still prevalent in all aspects of life with a tendency experienced improvement. Taking into account that the large number of women are taking a public role in life of society, important question needed to be raised is how did gender equality improve economic growth in Indonesia?. This study aims to analyze the relevance of gender equality and economic growth in Indonesia. Gender equality are seen from the magnitude of the life expectancy, the rate of labour force participation and length of study between women and men. Applying data panel, this study shows that the ratio of life expectancy of women to men, ratio of women’s labour force participation rate to men and ratio of average femalelength of study to men significantly increase economic growth in Indonesia. Gender equality should be one of the solutions to increase economic growth, while policies can be introduced in the field of education is the Wajar program. Thus, women role in economy should not be longer just considered with “one eye” or underestimated, so that economic empowerment program for women is important. Similarly, development programs to increase economic growth should give better consideration to different characteristics regions and their impacts.

Keywords

gender equality; life expectancy; labour force participation; lenght of study; economic growth; Indonesia; panel data

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