LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, CLIMATE CHANGE AND FISCAL INSTRUMENTS IN INDONESIA

Malik Cahyadin
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Abstract

Tujuan tulisan ini adalah untuk menganalisis kaitan antara pembangunan ekonomi lokal dengan perubahan iklim dan instrumen fiskal dilndonesia. Data yang digunakan adalah data sekunder tahun 2005 - 2010 seperti produk domestik regional bruto, pendapatan per kapita daerah, indeks kualitas lingkungan daerah tahun 2009, dan kebijakan pembangunan berorientasi lingkungan. Metode analisis data dalam kajian ini adalah analisis deskriptif, korelasi dan analisis kebijakan. Hasil kajian ini menunjukkan bahwa pembangunan ekonomi lokal di lndonesia didasarkan pada koridor-koridor ekonomi berbasis industri. Ada beberapa instrumen fiskal yang dapat diterapkan untuk mengurangi atau mengendalikan dampak perubahan iklim di lndonesia yaitu pajak dan retribusi daerah. Dalam konteks desentralisasi fiskal, instrumen fiskal dalam bentuk retribusi daerah relatif lebih mudah untuk diterapkan. Berdasarkan hal ini, pemerintah pusat dan daerah perlu merumuskan kebijakan pengendalian dampak lingkungan dan perubahan iklim terutama instrumen fiskal yang dapat ditetapkan oleh pemerintah daerah.

Keywords

pembangunan ekonomi lokal; perubahan iklim; instrumen fiskal; koridor ekonomi

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