Poltak Partogi Nainggolan
| Abstract views: 229 | views: 258


The prospect of the ASEAN Community, whose establishement has been accelerated from 2010 to 2015, has been more often questioned due to its lack of progress until recently. It is necessary, therefore, to analyse the progress from vartous secforq such as politics, security, economy, social, and culture,by applying different perspectives, namely, constructivism, which seems not only pessimistic but also empirical. This paper explains the devetopment of ASEAN since its formation until it sels and realiazes its target to form a regional community. An important question raised in this paper is that whether ASEAN still looks as talk shops or it has been transforming it sett towards a regional cammunity, which can accomplish its mission within less than three years. ASEAN's capability to respond and find solutions to the problems confronted by its member countries has been used as a parameter to evaluate 'the ASEAN Way' and the progress that has been achieved by the regional organization in its roadmap towards a regional community.


asean; komunitas asean 2015; komunitas kawasan; the asean way

Full Text:



Adamrah, Mustaqim.'Students questionASEAN's benefits,' The Jakarta Post, 1 Maret 2011:12.

Amitav Achrya.'How ldeas Spread: Whose Norms Matter? Norm Localization and lnstitutional Change in Asian Regionalism," 2004. International Organization, Vol. 58, April 20042 239-275.

______, Why is There No NATO in Asia? The Normative origins of Asian Multilateralism,"Working Paper 05-05, Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, Harvard University, "' Juli 2005.

______, Contructing A Security Community in South East Asia-ASEAN and the Problem of Regional Order. Engelska: Taulor & Francis Ltd, Engelska,2001.

Andayani, Fitria. "Defisit Perdagangan Cina-Rl 10 Miliar Dolar,' Republika, 10 April 2012:18

Andrea,Faustinus.”Tantangan Keamanan ASEAN Tahun 2015; Analisis CSIS, , Vol. 40, No. 4, Desember 2011:509-525.

ASEAN, a community away," The Jakarta Post, 9 Mei 2011: 6.

Barta, Patrick, Eric Bellman, and Robert Thomson,"Jakarta Warns of Euro . Model,' the Asian Wall Street Journal," 30 Mei 2012:1.

Bookbinder, Alex.'By-elections in Myanmar: Too early ti lift sanctions,'The Jakarta Post, 19 April 2012:7.

Caballero-Anthony, Mely. Reglonal Security ln Soufheast Asia: Beyond the ASEAN Way. Singapore: ISEAS,2005.

Cebu Declaration on the Acceleration of the Establishment of an ASEAN ) Community by 20'15," ASEAN Secretariat 20'12, http://www.asean. org/resources/archives/item, diakses pada 4 Januari 2013.

Cox, Robert W., "Gramsci, Hegemony, and International Relations: An Essay ' In Method," Mitlennium Joumalof lnternational Studies,Vol.12, No. 2, Summer 1983.

Dewabrata, Wisnu .'Represi: Reformasi Myanmar, Akankah Berlanjut,' Kompas, 28 Mei 2012:10.

______, “Tiga Tahun yang Tersisa”, Kompas, 2 Desember 2012:10

Dewanto, Pamungkas Ayudhaning, Dis) Fungsi ASEAN” Kompas, 22 Maret 2011:7.

Drajat, Ben Perkasa. "An ASEAN way of protecting Indonesian migrant workers, The Jakafta Post, 3 Mei 2012: 7.

Djalal, Hasjim. 'ASEAN Connectivty," Media lndonesia, 18 April 2012:20.

Dosch, J. "ASEAN's reluctant liberaltum and the thorny road to democracy promotion,' The Pacific Review, 2008.

Fuller, Thomas.West is pressed to lift Myanmar sanctions," lntemational Herald Tribune,4 April 2012.

Gomez, Jim dan Sopheng Cheag."ASEAN leaders call for litt of Myanmar sanctions,' The Jakarta Post, 5 April 2012:12.

Haacke, Juergen. ASEAN'5 diplomatic and security culture: Origins, development and prospecfs. London and New York: Routledge-Cuzon,2003.

________, "ASEAN's diplomatic and security culture: a constructivist assesment," lntemational relations of the Asia'Pacific, 3 (1), 2003:57-87.

Hund, Markus, 'ASEAN Plus Three: Towards a New Age of Pan-Asian Regionalism? A Skeptic's Appraisal." The Pacific Review, Vol. 16, No. 3,2003. September,2003: 383-417

ldris, Faisal Nurdin."ASEAN community: Moving beyond the rhetoric,'The Jakarta Post, 10 Mei, 2011: 6.

"Jakarta to develop'ASEAN diplomatic zone'," The Jakarta Post, 29Mei 2O12.

Jetschke, Anja. 'lnstitutionalizing ASEAN: Celebrating Europe through Network Governance.' Cambridge Review of lntemational Affairs, Vol. 22, No 3, 2009: 407-426.

Jetschke, Anja and Juergen Rueland," Decoupling rhetoric and practice: the cultural limits of ASEAN cooperation," The Pacific Revieq Vol. 22 No. 2:179-203.

Katsumata, Hiro 'Mimetic Adoption and Norm Diffusion: ASEAN Security Communi$, Free Trade and Human Rights," APSA 2009 Toronto Meeting Paper.

Kivimaki, Timo. "Power, interest or culture - is there a paradigm that explains ASEAN's political role best?' The Paciftc Review, Yol. 21, 4, 2008.

Kraft, Herman Joseph S.'The ASEAN Political-Security Community and Security Sector Governance in Southeast Asia," 2009, paper presented at Seminar on ASEAN After 40 Years at the University of Freiburg, Germany.

Kuhonta, Eric Martinez, "Walking a tightrope: democracy versus sovereignty in ASEAN's illiberal peace," The Pacific Review,2006.

"Myanmar ethnic violence: Bangladesh urged to keep border open,' The Jakarta Post,'14 Juni 2012: 10.

Nainggolan, Poltak Partogi. "Menuju Pembentukan Parlemen ASEAN," Analisis. CSIS, Vol. 36, No. 4/Desember 2007:440-453'

_______, "Jalan Panjang Menuju Parlemen ASEAN, Sinar Harapan,2S Agustus 2006.

_______, "Parlemen ASEAN, Mungkinkah Terwujud," Sinar Harapan,23 Agustus 2007.

Nainggolan, Poltak Partogi et at' ASEAN, AIPO, dan Kawasan yang Berubah' Jakarta: Pusat Pengkajian dan Pelayanan lnformasi sekretariat Jenderal DPR,1997.

_______, Twenty Five Years ASEAN tnter-Parliamentary organization (Volumel dan ll),Jakarta:AIPOSecretariatGeneral,2003.

Nair, Deepak.'Do Stated Goals Matters? Regional Institutions in East Asia and the Dynamic of Unstated Goa|s,', RS|S Working Papers, No. 199,2010.

Narine, shaum. Exptaining ASEAN: Regionalism in southeasf Asia, Boulder,Co, LYnne Rienner, 2008.

"No entry”, International Heratd Tribune,14 Juni 2012: 1

Pattiradjawane, Rene. "llusiASEAN Perdamaian Korea," Kompas, 30 Mei 2012:10.

“Perdagangan Bebas Tekan Peluang Kerja," Kompas, 5 Pebruari 2012:18.

Prasetyantoko, A. "Mimpi Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN, " Kompas, 10 Mei 2011 : 7.

Roadmap for an A$EAN Community 2009-2015: One Vision, one ldentity, One Community, Jakarta: ASEAN Secretariat, 2010.

Rother, stepan. Normen, tdentitaeten und die Logik der Anarchie: Die ASEAN aus Kontruktivischer Perspektive, Freiburg: Arnold Bergstraesser lnstitut, 2004.

Rueland, Juergen. 'ASEAN and theAsian Crisis: theoretical implications and practical consequences for SEA regionalism,". The Pacific Review, Vol. 13, No. 3, 200Q:421-451.

Rueland, Juergen and Anja Jetschke,"40 years of ASEAN: perspectives, performance and lessons for change,"The Pacific Review, Vol. 21. No.4, 2008: 397-409

Sajoo, Amyn B."Pluralism in 'old socie$ and New states': Emerging ASEAN Conflict," SingaPore: lSEAS, 1999.

Saragih, Bagus BT."Groups concerned over ASEAN charter," The Jakafta Post 11 Juni 2012:4.

Severino, Rodolfo C. Soufheasf Asia ln Search of An ASEAN Community, Singapore: ISEAS, 2008.

_______. ASEAN, Singapore: ISEAS, 2006.

________. Southeast Asia ln Search of An ASEAN Community, Singapore: lSEAS, 2006.

"Sengketia Preah Vihear PM Thailand Tolak Peran Rl," Media lndonesia,12 April 2O11: 12.

"Sistem Ekonomi Liberal Melanggar UUD 1 945, Media lndonesia, 8 Juni 2011 : 4.

Storey, fan ."ASEAN is a House Divided," The Asian Wall Street Journal, 15-17 Juni 2012:11.

“Students questionASEAN's benefits," The Jakafta Post 8 Maret 2011: 12.

Sukma, Rizal.'ASEAN dan Sengketa Laut Cina Selatan,' Kompas,11 April 2O12:7.

"Thailand Minta Bertemu: Kunjungan Marty Batal, Penandatanganan TOR Pasukan Pemantau terganjal," Kompas,26 April 2O11: 11.

'Thailand Tolak Pertemuan dengan Kamboja di lndonesia,' Media lndonesia, 21 Maret 2011:12.

Vatikiotis, Michael."Be realistic about change in Myanmar," The Jakarta Post, 15 Juni 2012:7.

Wibisono, Makarim."Komunitas ASEAN Terbentuk 2015?" Kompas,4 April 2011.

Yulisman, Linda.'Rl gains only slightly from free trade deals," The Jakarta Post, 19 Maret 2012: 6.

________. “ASEAN needs to liberalize realistically," The Jakarta Post, 3 April 2012: 1.

Copyright (c) 2016 Kajian
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


  • There are currently no refbacks.