Nationalism Over Globalization amidst COVID-19 Pandemic and Its Impact on Indonesia’s Food Security

Prawita Meidi Handayani
| Abstract views: 121 | views: 33

Abstract

COVID-19 has posed new challenges to globalization. It further perpetuates the rising trend of nationalism that has been ongoing for quite some time. At the start of the pandemic, one will automatically point the finger to cross-border travelers and people who can perform a high transnational movement. This phenomenon further increases the rapid spread of the virus on a global scale and disrupts the global supply chain that comes with it. When the outbreak first emerged, most policymakers wrongly assumed that the COVID-19 pandemic would only have a brief, limited, China-specific impact. As a matter of fact, the pandemic is generating a global shock and economic slowdown, risking to turn for the worse into recession. This pandemic has strongly highlighted the many downsides of extensive international integration and thus provoked fears of foreigners. It later gave legitimacy to national restrictions on global trade and movement of people. As it turned out, COVID-19 is the catalyst needed to further enhance the rise of nationalism. This phenomenon will, eventually, have negative repercussions on Indonesia’s food security.

Abstrak

COVID-19 telah membawa tantangan baru bagi globalisasi. Tren nasionalisme yang memang telah berkembang di seluruh dunia kemudian diperburuk oleh pandemi COVID-19. Saat dimulainya pandemi, secara otomatis seseorang akan menyalahkan para pelancong lintas batas dan orang-orang yang memiliki kemampuan untuk melakukan pergerakan transnasional yang tinggi. Fenomena ini yang kemudian semakin meningkatkan penyebaran virus yang cepat dalam skala global dan gangguan pada rantai pasokan global. Pada awal merebaknya wabah COVID-19, sebagian besar penyusun kebijakan salah berasumsi bahwa pandemi ini hanya akan memiliki dampak singkat dan terbatas hanya terhadap Cina. Pada kenyataannya, pandemi ini telah mengakibatkan guncangan global dan perlambatan ekonomi yang berpotensi menjadi resesi global. Pandemi ini sangat menyoroti banyak kerugian dari integrasi internasional yang luas dan memicu ketakutan terhadap orang asing. Hal ini kemudian memberikan legitimasi pada pembatasan nasional terhadap perdagangan global dan pergerakan manusia. COVID-19 telah menjadi katalis yang dibutuhkan untuk lebih meningkatkan kebangkitan nasionalisme. Fenomena ini pada akhirnya akan berdampak negatif terhadap ketahanan pangan Indonesia.

Keywords

Globalization; Nationalism; COVID-19; National Interest; Food Security; Globalisasi; Nasionalisme; COVID-19; Kepentingan Nasional; Ketahanan Pangan.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Adelayanti, Natasa. “Covid-19 Pandemic Emerges Complexity of Food Problems”. UGM, 8 May 2020. Retrieved 6 July 2020. https://ugm.ac.id/en/news/19402-covid-19-pandemic-emerges-complexity-of-food-problems.

Anonymous. “Central Retail Sets Out Its Stores to Reflect the New Normal”. Bangkok Post, 3 July 2020. Retrieved on 5 July 2020. https://www.bangkokpost.com/business/1945372.

Anonymous. “Perestroika: Early Attempt of Reform”. History Magazine, 14 November 2019. Retrieved on 26 June 2020. https://www.history.com/topics/cold-war/perestroika-and-glasnost.

Anonymous. “Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Nationalism”. Stanford, 29 November 2001. Retrieved 26 June 2020. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/nationalism/.

Anonymous. “Vietnam Rice Exports YoY”. Successful Farming, 11 June 2020. Retrieved on 5 July 2020. https://www.agriculture.com/markets/newswire/vietnam-jan-may-rice-exports-up-122-yy-to-309-mln-tonnes-customs.

Bodamaev, Saidamon. Indonesia: COVID-19 Economic and Food Security Implications. Jakarta: World Food Program, 2020.

Campbell, Joel R. “Shinzo Abe’s Dilemma: Caught Between Abenomics and Nationalism”, International Affairs, 23 Augustus 2018. Retrieved 2 July 2020. https://medium.com/international-affairs-blog/shinzo-abes-dilemma-caught-between-abenomics-and-nationalism-186dba052ca3.

Clay, Edward. “Trade and Food Security: Conceptualizing the Linkages”. FAO, 2002. Retrieved on 29 June 2020. http://www.fao.org/3/y4671e/y4671e06.htm#fn21.

CNN Indonesia. “Data Terbaru COVID-19”. CNN, 14 July 2020. Retrieved 21 July 2020. https://twitter.com/cnnindonesia/status/1282964040516419584?s=12.

Conteh-Morgan, Earl. “Globalization and Human Security: A Neo-Gramscian Perspective”. International Journal of Peace Studies, 2000. Retrieved 27 June 2020. https://www.gmu.edu/programs/icar/ijps/vol7_2/Contech-Morgan.htm.

Creswell, John W. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. London: Sage, 2014.

Fuchs, Hannah. “A brief history of the anti-globalization movement”. DW, 6 July 2017. Retrieved 27 June 2020. https://www.dw.com/en/a-brief-history-of-the-anti-globalization-movement/g-39573255.

Jannah, Selfie Miftahul. “Di Balik Melambungnya Harga Gula saat Pandemi Corona COVID-19”. Tirto, 20 Mei 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020. https://tirto.id/di-balik-melambungnya-harga-gula-saat-pandemi-corona-covid-19-eMZl.

Kiyono, Ken. “A Study on the Concept of The National Interest of Hans J. Morgenthau: as The Standard of American Foreign Policy”. Nagasaki University Academic Output, 31 October 1969. Retrieved 2 July 2020. http://naosite.lb.nagasaki-u.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/10069/27783/1/keieikeizai49_03_04.pdf.

Korzeniewicz, Roberto Patricio and William C. Smith. Protest and Collaboration: Transnational Civil Society Networks and the Politics of Summitry and Free Trade in the Americas. Miami: University of Miami, 2001.

Kramer, Jim. “What is Nationalism: Its History and What It Means in 2018”. The Street, 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2020. https://www.thestreet.com/politics/what-is-nationalism-14642847.

Legrain, Phillipe. “The Coronavirus Is Killing Globalization as We Know It”. Foreign Policy, 12 March 2020. Retrieved on 2 July 2020. https://foreignpolicy.com/2020/03/12/coronavirus-killing-globalization-nationalism-protectionism-trump/.

Lidyana, Vadhia. “Harga Beras Tinggi di Tengah Corona”. Detik, 16 April 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020. https://finance.detik.com/berita-ekonomi-bisnis/d-4978750/harga-beras-tinggi-di-tengah-corona/1.

Limenta, Michelle. “Rising export protectionism in time of global isolation”. The Jakarta Post, 28 April 2020. Retrieved 4 July 2020. https://www.thejakartapost.com/academia/2020/04/28/rising-export-protectionism-in-time-of-global-isolation.html.

Miranda, Randi Julian. “Cetak Sawah Baru di Kalteng, Babak Baru Bencana Ekologi?”. Mongabay, 10 July 2020. Retrieved on 20 July 2020. https://www.mongabay.co.id/2020/07/10/cetak-sawah-baru-di-kalteng-babak-baru-bencana-ekologi/.

National Geographic: Encyclopedic Entry. “Globalization”. National Geographic, 25 July 2019. Retrieved 26 June 2020. https://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/globalization/.

O’Donnell, Wes. “Patriotism vs Nationalism: What’s the Difference?”. Foreign Affairs, 30 Augustus 2019. Retrieved 26 June 2020. https://medium.com/@wesodonnell/patriotism-vs-nationalism-whats-the-difference-5e23db662a3.

O’Rourke, Kevin and Jeffrey Williamson. Once More: When did Globalization Begin?. UK: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Office of Agricultural Affairs. “Attaché Report: Indonesia Plans to Export Rice”. USDA, 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020. https://www.fas.usda.gov/data/indonesia-indonesia-plans-export-rice#:~:text=Indonesia’s%20new%20Minister%20of%20Agriculture, demand%20for%20the%20staple%20commodity.

Orwell, George. “Notes on Nationalism”. Orwell Foundation, 1945. Retrieved on 27 June 2020. https://www.orwellfoundation.com/the-orwell-foundation/orwell/essays-and-other-works/notes-on-nationalism/.Sabandze, Natalie. Globalization and Nationalism: The Cases of Georgia and the Basque Country. Hungary: CEU Press, 2010.

Peterson Institute for Global Economic. “What is Globalization?”. Peterson Institute for International Economics, 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2020. https://www.piie.com/microsites/globalization/what-is-globalization.

Putri, Cantika Adinda. “Terungkap Penyebab Gula Sempat ‘Hilang’ dari Toko Ritel”. CNBC, 19 March 2020. Retrieved on 15 July 2020. https://www.cnbcindonesia.com/news/20200319194845-4-146284/terungkap-penyebab-gula-sempat-hilang-dari-toko-ritel.

Smolak, John. “Globalization and the End of Cold War”. International Affairs, 3 March 2016. Retrieved 26 June 2020. https://medium.com/@jtsmolak/globalization-and-the-end-of-the-cold-war-41effd5690af.

Steger, Manfred. Globalization: A Very Short Introduction. UK: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Sukayat, Yayat. Agro Industrialisasi Padi Sawah Berbasis Kearifan Lokal (Kajian Atas Budidaya Padi Di Kabupaten Tasikmalaya dan Kabupaten Bandung). Bandung: Universitas Padjajaran, 2017.

Udmale, Parmeshwar and Andy Large. Global Food Security in The Context Of COVID-19: A Scenario-Based Exploratory Analysis. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2020.

UNDP, “Human Development Report 1994”. UNDP, 1994. Retrieved on 27 June 2020. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/reports/255/hdr_1994_en_complete_nostats.pdf.

United States Department of Agriculture. “Importance of Agricultural Technology”. USDA, 2019. Retrieved on 20 July 2020. https://nifa.usda.gov/topic/agriculture-technology.

UNOCHA Human Security Unit, “Human Security in Theory and Practice: Application of The Human Security Concept And The United Nations Trust Fund For Human Security”, UNOCHA, 2000. Retrieved 15 February 2020. https://www.unocha.org/sites/dms/HSU/Publications%20and%20Products/Human%20Security%20Tools/Human%20Security%20in%20Theory%20and%20Practice%20English.pdf.

Wolfers, Arnold. “National Security as an Ambiguous Symbol”. Political Science Quarterly Journal, Vol. 67 No. 4 (1952): 481-502.

World Custom Organizations. “List of national legislation of countries that adopted temporary export restrictions on certain categories of critical medical supplies in response to COVID-19”. World Custom Organizations, 1 April 2020. Retrieved on 4 July 2020. http://www.wcoomd.org/en/topics/facilitation/activities-and-programmes/natural-disaster/list-of-countries-coronavirus.aspx.

Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Politica Dinamika Masalah Politik Dalam Negeri dan Hubungan Internasional
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.